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Mastering the Art of Habit Formation: Insights from Science

Mastering the Art of Habit Formation: Insights from Science


In a world captivated by TikTok and Instagram, the internet buzzes with habit-setting inspiration. But how do habits work, and what can you do to ensure lasting success in forming good habits? We delve into the science behind habit formation.    

Time Frame for Habit Formation 

Contrary to the popular belief that it takes 21 days to form a habit, research by Phillipa Lally suggests it takes more than two months, around 66 days, for a new behaviour to become automatic. Habit formation is a gradual process, requiring patience and consistency.

The Habit Loop
The habit formation has four stages: cue, craving, response, and reward. This cycle, known as the "habit loop," is the foundation of every habit. Understanding and mastering each stage is key to successful habit formation.


  • The trigger that initiates a behaviour.
  • Examples: Seeing gym gear, and spotting healthy ingredients.
  • The desire or motivation to complete the behaviour.
  • Essential for crystallizing a good habit.
  • The action or habit in motion, such as a workout or reading.
  • Effort should align with the willingness to expend physical or mental energy.
  • The prize for completing the habit, satisfying and teaching us.
  • To solidify a habit, all four stages must be completed in order.

Strategies for Building Good Habit

  • Temptation Bundling:
  • Link something you want to do with something you should do.
  • Immediate rewards enhance habit automaticity.
Set up Cues:
  • Structure your environment to support habits.
  • Use reminders and visual cues, like leaving a meal plan on the fridge or laying out workout gear.
Celebrate Small Achievements:
  • Acknowledge every repetition of a habit.
  • Starting a habit is often the hardest part, so give yourself credit for the effort.


Forming good habits is a gradual process that involves mastering the habit loop and implementing effective strategies.

Whether it's a fitness routine like running, cycling, yoga or the gym or a lifetime goal and balance understanding the science behind habit formation can pave the way for long-term success.
Celebrate the small wins, stay consistent, and let the habit loop guide your journey to positive change.

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